Happening here too, and not just on Fedora. I’ve narrowed the cause down to the embedded .woff2 font files used by certain sites. Blocking the download of the .woff2 files works around the error and allows the page to load albeit without some fonts rendering correctly.
I ran the update again today, and had to downgrade twice.
My kernel version is 6.2.11-200.fc37.x86_64
Last edge version that worked was microsoft-edge-stable x86_64 112.0.1722.48-1
Running it from a terminal is fine. There is no crash but an error when loading most pages. I suppose kernel plus Feodra version causes some problems that I would not know how to report to Microsoft as well.
No, this is not the reason, I´m on Fedora 37 and have the same problem with the versions since .48 (.54 and .58 at time of writing have crashing plugins and SIGILL on ALL websites), also in other forums (Microsoft et.al.) we can read of Ubuntu users and others which are affected too.
The only thing they have in common is the version number of microsoft-edge-stable containing 1722.54 or 1722.58.