What are the difference between wayland and x11

This is a valid question for newcomers even for me also don’t actually know very well what is the difference between both and i didn’t find a good compact answer in internet does anyone has good knowledge about it so they can help others to choose when, what to use.

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Probably because there isn’t a good compact answer…

I suppose the most compact answer is that you should probably use Wayland unless it doesn’t work for you in some way.

If you want a more detailed explanation, this is as close to a plain english answer as you are likely to get:


the most compact answer is “42”

and “wiki wayland” is your friend of good knowledge too

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This is a good answer btw but actually i was looking for more like a technical explanation. But still that was good enough.

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Have we tried the official Wayland FAQ?


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Technically, they are more different than you would think.

Here is a more technical explanation:


This is over kill for a technical answer thank you

For me, the most important difference is less technical and more usage-related. When Wayland came along it took me a bit to figure out whether it was for real or was more… aspirational. When I started using Linux the display server was XFree86. Then Xorg came along and it was “we’re gonna clean this crap up and it’s gonna be a true community project”. Cool. But then fairly quickly after that some people started saying, “yeah… but it doesn’t fix the real problems…”. Then people started talking about small pieces of the whole thing, “dri”, “mesa”, “compositor”, etc. So when Wayland came along I wasn’t sure if a) it was just another one of these pieces, or something grafted onto the X protocol, and b) vaporware or not.

Obviously it is not vaporware! And the most important thing, for me, is that it is a genuine replacement of Xorg. Also relevant, because it is a replacement, one might expect some quirks to come up when certain features of existing software don’t work smoothly with the new display protocol. I assume those are being worked out and everything will be smoother as time goes on. It amazes me that the community can coordinate such a massive change when there are so many different parties involved, none of which has ultimate authority to push anything.

I’m also interested in the technical details, but I can’t presently speak to any of that.

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